ACHIEVEMENTS OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR 10 YEARS

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Abstract


In recent years, there have been significant positive changes in the organization of ophthalmological care for children, formed the legal basis for the provision of medical care to children with ophthalmopathology, increased the availability and quality of medical care, detectability of ophthalmopathology (6%), increased the results of treatment, which reduced the level of primary disability per 10 thousand of the child population in the Russian Federation has declined from 1.4 in 2004. to 0.9 in 2016. Early treatment has helped reduce blindness and low vision in 2.6 times (from 58.4 in 2009 up to 22.7 in 2016). The rapid development of pediatric ophthalmology is due to the introduction of new highly informative objective methods of research, high-tech surgical and laser treatment in the leading ophthalmic centers of Russia: Federal clinical recommendations on diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of children with retinopathy of prematurity (active phase), myopia, congenital cataracts, retinoblastoma, concomitant strabismus, congenital glaucoma, uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, congenital pathology of lacrimal pathways in newborns and children of the first year of life have been developed and put into practice.

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About the authors

L. A Katargina

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

N. N Arestova

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Email: arestovann@gmail.com
Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

L. A Michaylova

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

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