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The use of the botulinum toxin A can be the method of choice for the treatment of oculomotor pathology. In certain cases of strabismus, this technique provides the sole correct and justified tool for the management of this condition. There are numerous publication concerning this issue in the foreign literature, but they do not permit to develop the well defined criteria for the application of the botulinum toxin A in the ophthalmological practice Specifically, such issues as the timing and dosages of botulinum toxin A administration remain to be addressed and solved. Of special interest is the application of the botulinum toxin A for the treatment of nystagmus. The expediency of the application of the botulinum toxin A for the treatment of oculomotor pathology should be estimated on an individual basis.

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About the authors

Aleksandr Vyacheslavovich Apaev

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation
research scientist, Department of Pathology of Refraction, Binocular Vision and Ophthalmoergonomics, The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

G. L Gubkina

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

E. P Tarutta

The Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Russian Ministry of Health

Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation


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