Cystoid macular edema associated with retinitis pigmentosa: clinic, diagnostic, treatment approaches

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Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically determined degenerative retinal disease characterized by primary progressive degeneration of rod and secondary degeneration of cone photoreceptors. Despite the fact that the central retinal zone remains relatively intact for a long time, the most common complication of RP is macular edema (ME). The causes of ME in patients with RP have not been finally established, and treatment approaches are controversial. This article presents the modern data on the pathogenesis, clinical aspects, diagnostic, and treatment methods of ME associated with RP.

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About the authors

Ekaterina V. Denisova

Federal State Budgetary Institution «Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: deale_2006@inbox.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3735-6249

MD, PhD

Russian Federation, 105062 Moscow, Russia

Mariia A. Khrabrova

Federal State Budgetary Institution «Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Email: lovin68@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9422-4264

MD

Russian Federation, Moscow, 105062, Russian Federation

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