The study of visual evoked potentials in children with retinopathy of prematurity

Cover Page


Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Abstract

Visual functions in children after retinopathy of prematurity depend not only on the degree of residual clinical changes in the fundus and structural features of the retina, but also on the state of the pathways and higher parts of the visual analyzer, which can be investigated by recording visual evoked potentials. This examination method involves recording the overall response of large populations of cortical neurons to the synchronous flow of impulses coming to them, arising in response to an afferent stimulus and reflecting mainly the electrical activity of the macular area. The registration of visual evoked potentials in the retinopathy of prematurity has an important diagnostic value for identifying the level and degree of damage to the pathways and higher parts of the visual analyzer. This literature review presents the data of foreign and domestic authors on the state of the pathways and higher parts of the visual analyzer in premature babies and children with retinopathy of prematurity using the registration of visual evoked potentials. It has been noted that the magnocellular system, which is activated in response to motor stimuli, is affected to a greater extent in preterm infants than the parvocellular system, which functions in response to pattern stimuli. A comprehensive ophthalmological examination with the registration of visual evoked potentials on the presentation of pattern-reversing stimuli and/or on a flash stimulus should be carried out in children with cicatricial stages of retinopathy of prematurity, in order to identify and confirm the concomitant pathology of the optic nerve. It has been established that the frequency of registration of pathologically altered visual evoked potentials as the severity of retinopathy of prematurity increases, indicating an increase in pathway dysfunction. The effect of laser coagulation of the retina and the volume of its implementation in retinopathy of prematurity on the functional state of the visual analyzer was studied.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Yuliya S. Khlopkova

Altai State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: yulyahlopkova95@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7615-2057

MD, Researcher

Russian Federation, Barnaul

Ludmila V. Kogoleva

Helmholtz National Medical Research Center of Eye Diseases

Email: kogoleva@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2768-0443

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation, Moscow

References

  1. Kogoleva LV, Katargina LA, Krivosheev AA, Mazanova EV. The state of the visual analyzer in the children with retinopathy of prematurity. Russian pediatric ophthalmology. 2012;(2):20–25. (In Russ).
  2. Shamshinova AM, Volkov VV. Funktsional’nye metody issledovaniya v oftal’mologii. Moscow: Meditsina; 1998. (In Russ).
  3. Kogoleva LV, Katargina LA. The factors responsible for impairment of vision and the algorithm for the regular medical check-up of the patients following retinopathy of prematurity. Russian Pediatric Ophthalmology. 2016;11(2):70–76. (In Russ). doi: 10.18821/1993-1859-2016-11-2-70-76
  4. Kuba M, Lilakova D, Hejcmanova D, et al. Ophthalmological examination and VEPs in preterm children with perinatal CNS involvement. Doc Ophthalmol. 2008;117(2):137–145. doi: 10.1007/s10633-008-9115-z
  5. Feng JJ, Wang TX, Yang CH, et al. Flash visual evoked potentials at 2-year-old infants with different birth weights. World J Pediatr. 2010;6(2):163–168. doi: 10.1007/s12519-010-0032-3
  6. Khatsenko IE, Markova EY, Astasheva IB, et al. On correctness of optic coherent tomography use for diagnostics of optic nerve pathology in children with retinopathy of prematurity scarry stages. Russian pediatric ophthalmology. 2009;(2):10–13. (In Russ).
  7. Mintz-Hittner HA, Prager TC, Schweitzer FC, Kretzer FL. The Pattern Visual-evoked Potential in Former Preterm Infants with Retinopathy of Prematurity. Ophthalmology. 1994;101(1):27–34. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(13)31238-x
  8. Zнukova OM, Tereshchenko AV, Trifanenkova IG, Tereshchenkova MS. Outcomes of spontaneous regression of retinopathy of prematurity. Modern technologies in ophtalmology. 2021(2):167–169. (In Russ). doi: 10.25276/2312-4911-2021-2-167-169
  9. Astasheva IB, Sidorenko EI, Aksenova II. Lazerkoagulyatsiya v lechenii razlichnykh form retinopatii nedonoshennykh. The Russian Annals Of Ophthalmology. 2005;(2):31–34. (In Russ)
  10. Katargina LA, Kogoleva LV. Rekomendatsii po organizatsii rannego vyyavleniya i profilakticheskogo lecheniya aktivnoi retinopatii nedonoshennykh. Russian Ophthalmological Journal. 2008;(3):43–48. (In Russ).
  11. Katargina LA, Kogoleva LV, Denisova EV. Sovremennye tendentsii lecheniya aktivnoi RN. ARSMedica. 2009;(9):158–161. (In Russ).
  12. Tereshhenko AV, Trifanenkova IG, Sidorova JuA, Panamareva SV. Pattern laser coagulation of the retina in the treatment of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity. The Russian Annals Of Ophthalmology. 2010;(6):38–43. (In Russ).
  13. Katargina LA. Retinopatiya nedonoshennykh, sovremennoe sostoyanie problemy i zadachi organizatsii oftal’mologicheskoi pomoshchi nedonoshennym detyam v RF. Russian pediatric ophthalmology. 2012;(1):5–7. (In Russ).
  14. Lebedev VI, Shamanskaya NN, Miller YV. Organizatsiya lazernoi oftal’’mologicheskoi pomoshchi nedonoshennym detyam s retinopatiei nedonoshennykh v neonatal’’nom otdelenii. Russian pediatric ophthalmology.2014;(4):31. (In Russ).
  15. Saydasheva EI. Lazernoe lechenie retinopatii nedonoshennykh. Russian pediatric ophthalmology. 2014;9(4):47. (In Russ).
  16. Shevernaya OA, Pasternak AY, Nabokov AY. Rezul’taty razlichnykh metodik koagulyatsii setchatki pri tyazhelykh formakh retinopatii nedonoshennykh. Russian pediatric ophthalmology. 2014;9(4):61. (In Russ)
  17. Katsan SV, Terletska OI, Adakhovska AO. Visual evoked potentials in 5 to 8-year-old children with retinopathy of prematurity. Oftalmologicheskii Zhurnal. 2020;86(3):9–15. (In Russ). doi: 10.31288/oftalmolzh20203915
  18. Danilov OV, Pshenichnov MV. Changes in visual evoked cortical potentials in children with retinopathy of prematurity in long-term observation period. Modern technologies in ophtalmology. 2020(1):137–140. (In Russ). doi: 10.25276/2312-4911-2020-1-137-140
  19. Pshenichnov MV, Kolenko OV. Morphometric features of eyes in children with the second stage of cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity. Modern technologies in ophtalmology. 2020(4):220–221. (In Russ). doi: 10.25276/2312-4911-2020-4-220-221
  20. Pshenichnov MV, Kolenko OV. Аnatomical and functional features of eyes in children with the second stage of cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity after laser coagulation. Point of View East – West. 2021(1):39–42. doi: 10.25276/2410-1257-2021-1-39-42
  21. Fayzullina AS, Zaynutdinova GKh, Ryskulova EK. Study of visual conductive system function in cicatricial stage of retinopathy of premature. Point of view. East - west. 2016;(3):144–146. (In Russ).
  22. Lobanova IV, Astasheva IB, Khatsenko IE, Kuznetsova YD. Potentials of contact correction of vision in premature infants with abnormal refraction. Russian Pediatric Ophthalmology. 2011;6(1):8–11. (In Russ). doi: 10.17816/rpoj37412

Supplementary files

There are no supplementary files to display.


Copyright (c) 2022 Eco-Vector



СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: серия ПИ № ФС 77 - 28266 от 17.05.2007 г
СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: серия ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80630 от 15.03.2021 г
.



This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies